One of the most common questions when queries about egg donation is whether the process affects fertility and reduces the chances of becoming a mother in the future.
The answer is NO.
Egg donation does not reduce the chances of becoming a mother, does not accelerate the arrival of menopause and does not compromise the future fertility of the donor.
Women are born with a certain number of eggs that will be lost each month.
When puberty arrives, a woman generally has between 300,000 and 500,000 eggs in her ovaries. In general, every 28 days we discharge an egg that has reached a degree of maturity that allows it to be fertilized if it is reached by a sperm. Although we only discharge one, others are naturally lost that same month.
The process of ovulation occurs naturally following the process. The ovary has many follicles and each of them contain an immature egg. When the period begins, the first day, a group of follicles (8-10) begin to grow, we call this group “cohort”. This group grows little by little during the first 5-7 days during what is called the “recruitment phase”. After this, thanks to the action of the hormones, only one of the follicles is selected, it is the so-called dominant follicle, which will be the one that will reach maturity on the 12-14th day of the menstrual cycle. At this time, thanks again to the action of the hormones, ovulation takes place, which releases the mature egg inside the dominant follicle and which can be fertilized. The other follicles of the cohort that began to grow stop growing and start to shrink and are reabsorbed by the ovary.
In an egg donation cycle we give an extra dose of the same hormones that occur naturally in the body, so that the eggs that wouldbe lost in that cycle, grow and complete the maturation just like the dominant would do. When the eggs are mature, before ovulation occurs, the punction-aspiration of these follicles is carried out under anesthetic sedation. The risks associated with this intervention are very low, and if you work with a team with more than 25 years of experience like CERAM, the risks are almost nonexistent.
At CERAM after performing the egg pick up all donors are warned that they must take contraception until the next period to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. Upon the next period the donor will have a normal ovulation process and may seek a pregnancy when desired, therefore the egg donation does not compromise the fertility of the donor.
It is normal to have doubts about the process, and at CERAM we will be happy to solve them all. You can come to an informative consultation without any commitment, and we will explain everything you need to know and we will clarify together all the doubts that may arise in this regard.
Maria Isabel Bonilla, Embriologist and Donor Coordinator