Sexually transmitted diseases are very common in the young population, Dr. Hugo Benito, gynecologist and director of CERAM, Center for Assisted Reproduction of Marbella explains in this article what sexually transmitted diseases are, which are the most they pose a danger to health and in case we suspect that our child has contracted an illness in this way what we should do.
Sexually transmitted infections are passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse via vaginal, anal or oral. These infections are caused by a large number of “Bacteria, Viruses, Parasites and Fungi”. They are very frequent and it is estimated that 1 in 10 young people between 15 and 24 years old have some type of infection by sexual transmission. Also today, an increase in these infections is seen in people older than 45 years. It is often ignored that the number of sexually transmitted infections is very large and also the fact that in some of them, the symptoms are minimal or sometimes do not exist, which means that it is not given the importance it deserves.
There are many diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact, however there is also a group of diseases that also have other transmission routes but are also considered sexually transmitted, such as skin-to-skin contact, blood transfusions, use of syringes shared in people who take drugs. The most frequent are: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trichomonas, HIV or AIDS, Genital Herpes, HPV (Human Papilloma Virus), Syphilis, Vaginal Candidiasis and Bacterial Vaginosis. Also as I said before there is another group of infections that are considered sexually transmitted as: Hepatitis: A, B and C, Moluscum Contagiosum, Ladillas or pubic lice, scabies, inguinal granuloma, lymphogranuloma venereum and chancroid.
Which are the most harmful to health?
Many of these infections are dangerous because they can cause diseases that leave sequelae in general health, in fertility and can even lead to death. As we all know, if they are diagnosed on time and the appropriate treatment is given, practically all of them are cured.
Among the most harmful are:
HIV or acquired immunodeficiency virus, which as its name says is a “virus”, can destroy the immune system that is responsible for defending our body from other infections. If it is not diagnosed and treated early, it can be fatal.
The Chlamydia is transmitted by a bacterium, in principle it does not give symptoms and only later appear discomfort during urination, pain in the lower abdomen, vaginal discharge, vaginal discomfort, pain with sexual intercourse, itching when ejaculating, urethral discharge from the penis, testicular pain, among other symptoms. If this infection is not controlled, it can leave sequels in the woman with PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), tubal injury and in man epididymitis, also with sequelae of fertility. The treatment is easy with antibiotics.
Vaginal candidiasis caused by fungi, has many symptoms and its treatment is easy
Bacterial vaginosis produced by a bacterium, produces vaginal flows with a bad smell and if left untreated it can produce pelvic inflammation. Your treatment with antibiotics should always treat the patient and her partner.
HPV human papilloma virus is the most frequent, produced by a virus, there are several classes, one of them is the one that produces the genital warts (condylomas), there is a type of this virus that is called high risk because it is related to Cancer of the cervix. There is a vaccine for this virus and it is highly recommended to put it since it is estimated that 90% of the population has been in “contact” with this virus, although it does not get to infect anyone who is in contact.
Syphilis is characterized by the presence of an ulcer called “chancre”, produced by a bacterium, it can produce lesions on the vulva, vagina, anus, scrotum and throat. It is easy to treat, but if it is not treated in time it can cause severe injuries and even death. The pregnant woman can transmit it to the fetus.
Gonorrhea produced by a bacterium that produces lesions in the urethra, cervix, rectum, anus and throat. It can leave sequels in the pelvis and especially in the tubes producing infertility. In pregnant women it can cause injuries to the fetus especially at the time of delivery. It is cured with antibiotics.
Genital herpes is very common and is very associated with oral herpes, it has no cure, only drugs are used to relieve the discomfort of ulcers that disappear and reappear frequently. Produced by a virus that causes sores on the vulva, vagina, cervix, anus, penis, scrotum. After having the first infection remains for life
What should we do if we suspect that our teenager has contracted an STD?
If you suspect that a teenager has contracted an STD (sexually transmitted disease), it is very important that you go to the doctor.
The most important thing to learn is to try to “make young people aware in particular, but also adults in general that protected sex (using condoms) avoids all the possible complications of these infections.” We must be on alert if the couple says they have recently suffered a sexually transmitted infection or if at the time he or she detects that there is a rare sign on the body, rash or rash will automatically suspend the sexual relationship.
This education should be at the school level, in the family, in the health centers and also in social gatherings.
Dr. Hugo Benito
Gynecologist, and director of CERAM
Assisted Reproduction Center of Marbella